Caenorhabditis_elegans.WBcel235.dna_sm.toplevel.fa

AminoSee DNA Render Summary

Hilbert curvers of dimension 5 used, yielding images with ~510.1 codons per pixel including non-coding regions. Linear reference file shows exactly 4 codons per pixel


1D Linear Map Image

2D Hilbert Map Image

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by Tom Atkinson            aminosee.funk.nz
ah-mee no-see       "I See It Now != I AminoSee it!"


Amino Acid Hue° RGB Count Description Hilbert PNG
0. Reference

255,128,128

33,428,798 Composite of all amino acids Caenorhabditisel.dna_sm.toplevel Reference
1. Histidine

329°

255,128,193

881,787 Group IV: Basic amino acids Caenorhabditisel.dna_sm.toplevel Histidine
2. Glutamic acid

16°

255,162,128

1,278,808 Group III: Acidic amino acids Caenorhabditisel.dna_sm.toplevel Glutamic acid
3. Aspartic acid

31°

255,193,128

802,003 Group III: Acidic amino acids Caenorhabditisel.dna_sm.toplevel Aspartic acid
4. Lysine

313°

255,128,227

2,672,335 Group IV: Basic amino acids Caenorhabditisel.dna_sm.toplevel Lysine
5. Cysteine

63°

249,255,128

947,314 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Caenorhabditisel.dna_sm.toplevel Cysteine
6. Glycine

78°

217,255,128

1,116,059 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Caenorhabditisel.dna_sm.toplevel Glycine
7. Alanine

94°

183,255,128

1,116,319 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Caenorhabditisel.dna_sm.toplevel Alanine
8. Valine

125°

128,255,138

1,613,654 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Caenorhabditisel.dna_sm.toplevel Valine
9. Leucine

141°

128,255,172

3,226,761 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Caenorhabditisel.dna_sm.toplevel Leucine
10. Isoleucine

157°

128,255,206

2,430,383 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Caenorhabditisel.dna_sm.toplevel Isoleucine
11. Phenylalanine

172°

128,255,238

2,986,319 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Caenorhabditisel.dna_sm.toplevel Phenylalanine
12. Tryptophan

188°

128,238,255

411,280 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Caenorhabditisel.dna_sm.toplevel Tryptophan
13. Serine

203°

128,206,255

2,893,966 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Caenorhabditisel.dna_sm.toplevel Serine
14. Threonine

219°

128,172,255

1,615,660 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Caenorhabditisel.dna_sm.toplevel Threonine
15. Glutamine

250°

149,128,255

1,185,774 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Caenorhabditisel.dna_sm.toplevel Glutamine
16. Asparagine

266°

183,128,255

1,850,991 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Caenorhabditisel.dna_sm.toplevel Asparagine
17. Tyrosine

282°

217,128,255

1,040,068 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Caenorhabditisel.dna_sm.toplevel Tyrosine
18. Arginine

297°

249,128,255

1,920,505 Group IV: Basic amino acids Caenorhabditisel.dna_sm.toplevel Arginine
19. Proline

344°

255,128,162

1,123,517 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Caenorhabditisel.dna_sm.toplevel Proline
20. Methionine

110°

149,255,128

528,326 START Codon Caenorhabditisel.dna_sm.toplevel Methionine
21. Ochre

255,128,128

728,847 STOP Codon Caenorhabditisel.dna_sm.toplevel Ochre
22. Amber

47°

255,227,128

350,727 STOP Codon Caenorhabditisel.dna_sm.toplevel Amber
23. Opal

240°

128,128,255

707,395 STOP Codon Caenorhabditisel.dna_sm.toplevel Opal
19 Amino Acids, 4 Start/Stop codes, 1 NNN . . . .

Render Summary

				[object Object]
				

AminoSeeNoEvil

DNA/RNA Chromosome Viewer

A new way to view DNA that attributes a colour hue to each Amino acid codon



Hilbert Projection

This is a curve that touches each pixel exactly once, without crossing over or breaking.

Linear Projection

The following image is in raster order, top left to bottom right:

About Start and Stop Codons

The codon AUG is called the START codon as it the first codon in the transcribed mRNA that undergoes translation. AUG is the most common START codon and it codes for the amino acid methionine (Met) in eukaryotes and formyl methionine (fMet) in prokaryotes. During protein synthesis, the tRNA recognizes the START codon AUG with the help of some initiation factors and starts translation of mRNA. Some alternative START codons are found in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Alternate codons usually code for amino acids other than methionine, but when they act as START codons they code for Met due to the use of a separate initiator tRNA. Non-AUG START codons are rarely found in eukaryotic genomes. Apart from the usual Met codon, mammalian cells can also START translation with the amino acid leucine with the help of a leucyl-tRNA decoding the CUG codon. Mitochondrial genomes use AUA and AUU in humans and GUG and UUG in prokaryotes as alternate START codons. In prokaryotes, E. coli is found to use AUG 83%, GUG 14%, and UUG 3% as START codons. The lacA and lacI coding this.regions in the E coli lac operon don’t have AUG START codon and instead use UUG and GUG as initiation codons respectively.