Pongo_abelii.PPYG2.74.dna.chromosome.2a.fa

AminoSee DNA Render Summary

Hilbert curvers of dimension 5 used, yielding images with ~532 codons per pixel including non-coding regions. Linear reference file shows exactly 4 codons per pixel


1D Linear Map Image

2D Hilbert Map Image

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by Tom Atkinson          aminosee.funk.nz
ah-mee no-see      "I see it now...  I AminoSee it!"


Amino Acid Hue° RGB Count Description Hilbert PNG
0. Ochre

255,128,128

725,555 STOP Codon undefined Ochre
1. Reference

255,128,128

34,864,531 Composite of all amino acids undefined Reference
2. Glutamic acid

16°

255,162,128

1,282,523 Group III: Acidic amino acids undefined Glutamic acid
3. Aspartic acid

31°

255,193,128

795,847 Group III: Acidic amino acids undefined Aspartic acid
4. Amber

47°

255,227,128

451,792 STOP Codon undefined Amber
5. Cysteine

63°

249,255,128

1,212,251 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids undefined Cysteine
6. Glycine

78°

217,255,128

1,800,988 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids undefined Glycine
7. Alanine

94°

183,255,128

1,475,367 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids undefined Alanine
8. Methionine

110°

149,255,128

646,377 START Codon undefined Methionine
9. Valine

125°

128,255,138

1,759,773 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids undefined Valine
10. Leucine

141°

128,255,172

3,834,266 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids undefined Leucine
11. Isoleucine

157°

128,255,206

2,046,287 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids undefined Isoleucine
12. Phenylalanine

172°

128,255,238

2,031,584 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids undefined Phenylalanine
13. Tryptophan

188°

128,238,255

638,666 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids undefined Tryptophan
14. Serine

203°

128,206,255

3,130,166 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids undefined Serine
15. Threonine

219°

128,172,255

1,758,344 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids undefined Threonine
16. Opal

240°

128,128,255

687,005 STOP Codon undefined Opal
17. Glutamine

250°

149,128,255

1,372,087 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids undefined Glutamine
18. Asparagine

266°

183,128,255

1,380,265 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids undefined Asparagine
19. Tyrosine

282°

217,128,255

1,109,309 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids undefined Tyrosine
20. Arginine

297°

249,128,255

1,721,361 Group IV: Basic amino acids undefined Arginine
21. Lysine

313°

255,128,227

2,045,773 Group IV: Basic amino acids undefined Lysine
22. Histidine

329°

255,128,193

1,163,808 Group IV: Basic amino acids undefined Histidine
23. Proline

344°

255,128,162

1,795,137 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids undefined Proline
19 Amino Acids, 4 Start/Stop codes, 1 NNN . . . .

Render Summary

                [object Object]
                

AminoSeeNoEvil

DNA/RNA Chromosome Viewer

A new way to view DNA that attributes a colour hue to each Amino acid codon



Hilbert Projection

This is a curve that touches each pixel exactly once, without crossing over or breaking.

Linear Projection

The following image is in raster order, top left to bottom right:

About Start and Stop Codons

The codon AUG is called the START codon as it the first codon in the transcribed mRNA that undergoes translation. AUG is the most common START codon and it codes for the amino acid methionine (Met) in eukaryotes and formyl methionine (fMet) in prokaryotes. During protein synthesis, the tRNA recognizes the START codon AUG with the help of some initiation factors and starts translation of mRNA. Some alternative START codons are found in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Alternate codons usually code for amino acids other than methionine, but when they act as START codons they code for Met due to the use of a separate initiator tRNA. Non-AUG START codons are rarely found in eukaryotic genomes. Apart from the usual Met codon, mammalian cells can also START translation with the amino acid leucine with the help of a leucyl-tRNA decoding the CUG codon. Mitochondrial genomes use AUA and AUU in humans and GUG and UUG in prokaryotes as alternate START codons. In prokaryotes, E. coli is found to use AUG 83%, GUG 14%, and UUG 3% as START codons. The lacA and lacI coding this.regions in the E coli lac operon don’t have AUG START codon and instead use UUG and GUG as initiation codons respectively.