Pan_troglodytes.CHIMP2.1.4.74.dna.chromosome.Y.fa

AminoSee DNA Render Summary

Hilbert curvers of dimension 5 used, yielding images with ~128.5 codons per pixel including non-coding regions. Linear reference file shows exactly 34 codons per pixel


1D Linear Map Image

2D Hilbert Map Image

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by Tom Atkinson            aminosee.funk.nz
ah-mee no-see       "I See It Now != I AminoSee it!"


Amino Acid Hue° RGB Count Description Hilbert PNG
0. Reference

255,128,128

8,424,126 Composite of all amino acids Pantroglodytes.Cdna.chromosome.Y Reference
1. Histidine

329°

255,128,193

296,866 Group IV: Basic amino acids Pantroglodytes.Cdna.chromosome.Y Histidine
2. Glutamic acid

16°

255,162,128

309,435 Group III: Acidic amino acids Pantroglodytes.Cdna.chromosome.Y Glutamic acid
3. Aspartic acid

31°

255,193,128

199,458 Group III: Acidic amino acids Pantroglodytes.Cdna.chromosome.Y Aspartic acid
4. Lysine

313°

255,128,227

494,026 Group IV: Basic amino acids Pantroglodytes.Cdna.chromosome.Y Lysine
5. Cysteine

63°

249,255,128

309,988 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Pantroglodytes.Cdna.chromosome.Y Cysteine
6. Glycine

78°

217,255,128

416,723 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Pantroglodytes.Cdna.chromosome.Y Glycine
7. Alanine

94°

183,255,128

336,595 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Pantroglodytes.Cdna.chromosome.Y Alanine
8. Valine

125°

128,255,138

436,117 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Pantroglodytes.Cdna.chromosome.Y Valine
9. Leucine

141°

128,255,172

907,260 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Pantroglodytes.Cdna.chromosome.Y Leucine
10. Isoleucine

157°

128,255,206

501,985 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Pantroglodytes.Cdna.chromosome.Y Isoleucine
11. Phenylalanine

172°

128,255,238

495,477 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Pantroglodytes.Cdna.chromosome.Y Phenylalanine
12. Tryptophan

188°

128,238,255

155,843 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Pantroglodytes.Cdna.chromosome.Y Tryptophan
13. Serine

203°

128,206,255

750,290 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Pantroglodytes.Cdna.chromosome.Y Serine
14. Threonine

219°

128,172,255

435,842 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Pantroglodytes.Cdna.chromosome.Y Threonine
15. Glutamine

250°

149,128,255

339,411 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Pantroglodytes.Cdna.chromosome.Y Glutamine
16. Asparagine

266°

183,128,255

343,235 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Pantroglodytes.Cdna.chromosome.Y Asparagine
17. Tyrosine

282°

217,128,255

268,564 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Pantroglodytes.Cdna.chromosome.Y Tyrosine
18. Arginine

297°

249,128,255

401,436 Group IV: Basic amino acids Pantroglodytes.Cdna.chromosome.Y Arginine
19. Proline

344°

255,128,162

413,781 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Pantroglodytes.Cdna.chromosome.Y Proline
20. Methionine

110°

149,255,128

168,061 START Codon Pantroglodytes.Cdna.chromosome.Y Methionine
21. Ochre

255,128,128

166,153 STOP Codon Pantroglodytes.Cdna.chromosome.Y Ochre
22. Amber

47°

255,227,128

106,928 STOP Codon Pantroglodytes.Cdna.chromosome.Y Amber
23. Opal

240°

128,128,255

170,652 STOP Codon Pantroglodytes.Cdna.chromosome.Y Opal
19 Amino Acids, 4 Start/Stop codes, 1 NNN . . . .

Render Summary

				[object Object]
				

AminoSeeNoEvil

DNA/RNA Chromosome Viewer

A new way to view DNA that attributes a colour hue to each Amino acid codon



Hilbert Projection

This is a curve that touches each pixel exactly once, without crossing over or breaking.

Linear Projection

The following image is in raster order, top left to bottom right:

About Start and Stop Codons

The codon AUG is called the START codon as it the first codon in the transcribed mRNA that undergoes translation. AUG is the most common START codon and it codes for the amino acid methionine (Met) in eukaryotes and formyl methionine (fMet) in prokaryotes. During protein synthesis, the tRNA recognizes the START codon AUG with the help of some initiation factors and starts translation of mRNA. Some alternative START codons are found in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Alternate codons usually code for amino acids other than methionine, but when they act as START codons they code for Met due to the use of a separate initiator tRNA. Non-AUG START codons are rarely found in eukaryotic genomes. Apart from the usual Met codon, mammalian cells can also START translation with the amino acid leucine with the help of a leucyl-tRNA decoding the CUG codon. Mitochondrial genomes use AUA and AUU in humans and GUG and UUG in prokaryotes as alternate START codons. In prokaryotes, E. coli is found to use AUG 83%, GUG 14%, and UUG 3% as START codons. The lacA and lacI coding this.regions in the E coli lac operon don’t have AUG START codon and instead use UUG and GUG as initiation codons respectively.