Octopusbimaculoiperoxisomal_mRNA

AminoSee DNA Render Summary for /home/tom/Sites/AminoSee/dna/Octopus_bimaculoides_peroxisomal_mRNA.gbk Science render mode

M8C12H4.6

Amino Acid Hue° RGB Count Description Hilbert PNG
0. Reference

255,128,128

19,171,565 Composite of all amino acids Octopusbimaculoiperoxisomal_mRNA Reference
1. Ochre

255,128,128

357,690 STOP Codon Octopusbimaculoiperoxisomal_mRNA Ochre
2. Glutamic acid

16°

255,162,128

721,316 Group III: Acidic amino acids Octopusbimaculoiperoxisomal_mRNA Glutamic acid
3. Aspartic acid

31°

255,193,128

520,119 Group III: Acidic amino acids Octopusbimaculoiperoxisomal_mRNA Aspartic acid
4. Amber

47°

255,227,128

166,926 STOP Codon Octopusbimaculoiperoxisomal_mRNA Amber
5. Cysteine

63°

249,255,128

620,580 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Octopusbimaculoiperoxisomal_mRNA Cysteine
6. Glycine

78°

217,255,128

652,750 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Octopusbimaculoiperoxisomal_mRNA Glycine
7. Alanine

94°

183,255,128

636,376 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Octopusbimaculoiperoxisomal_mRNA Alanine
8. Methionine

110°

149,255,128

399,271 START Codon Octopusbimaculoiperoxisomal_mRNA Methionine
9. Valine

125°

128,255,138

951,361 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Octopusbimaculoiperoxisomal_mRNA Valine
10. Leucine

141°

128,255,172

1,867,482 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Octopusbimaculoiperoxisomal_mRNA Leucine
11. Isoleucine

157°

128,255,206

1,400,785 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Octopusbimaculoiperoxisomal_mRNA Isoleucine
12. Phenylalanine

172°

128,255,238

912,845 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Octopusbimaculoiperoxisomal_mRNA Phenylalanine
13. Tryptophan

188°

128,238,255

294,929 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Octopusbimaculoiperoxisomal_mRNA Tryptophan
14. Serine

203°

128,206,255

1,602,125 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Octopusbimaculoiperoxisomal_mRNA Serine
15. Threonine

219°

128,172,255

1,285,140 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Octopusbimaculoiperoxisomal_mRNA Threonine
16. Opal

240°

128,128,255

422,265 STOP Codon Octopusbimaculoiperoxisomal_mRNA Opal
17. Glutamine

250°

149,128,255

801,473 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Octopusbimaculoiperoxisomal_mRNA Glutamine
18. Asparagine

266°

183,128,255

897,646 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Octopusbimaculoiperoxisomal_mRNA Asparagine
19. Tyrosine

282°

217,128,255

1,135,538 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Octopusbimaculoiperoxisomal_mRNA Tyrosine
20. Arginine

297°

249,128,255

981,987 Group IV: Basic amino acids Octopusbimaculoiperoxisomal_mRNA Arginine
21. Lysine

313°

255,128,227

1,202,024 Group IV: Basic amino acids Octopusbimaculoiperoxisomal_mRNA Lysine
22. Histidine

329°

255,128,193

652,409 Group IV: Basic amino acids Octopusbimaculoiperoxisomal_mRNA Histidine
23. Proline

344°

255,128,162

688,528 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Octopusbimaculoiperoxisomal_mRNA Proline
19 Amino Acids, 4 Start/Stop codes, 1 NNN . . . .

1D Linear Map Image

2D Hilbert Map Image

Render Summary

          
Canonical Name: Octopusbimaculoiperoxisomal_mRNA
Canonical PNG: Octopusbimaculoiperoxisomal_mRNA.gbk_linear_c12_fix_sci.png
Source: Octopus_bimaculoides_peroxisomal_mRNA.gbk
Full path: /home/tom/Sites/AminoSee/dna/Octopus_bimaculoides_peroxisomal_mRNA.gbk
Started: 3:30:12 am Finished: 3:35:03 am Used: 4 minutes, 20.591 seconds  
Machine load averages: 9.54 / 9.77 / 9.96
Bandwidth: 655.27KB / sec DNA Filesize: 166.12MB
Image Output bytes: 6.09MB
Pixels (linear): 1,597,630 Image aspect Ratio: fix
Pixels (hilbert): 4,194,304 (auto) Dimension 8 Hilbert curve
Linear to Hilbert reduction: 0.38 Oversampling: 4
Custom flags: -UC_autoK------M8 C12-I4660000 "Science mode" render style
Estimated Codons: 58,062,123 (filesize % 3)
Actual Codons matched: 19,171,565  
Estimate accuracy: 303% of actual 
Non-coding characters: 100,128,681
Coding characters: 174,798,382
Codons per pixel: 12 (linear) 4.57 (hilbert projection)
Max pix setting: 4,660,000
Darken Factor 0.25 / Highlight Factor 4
290.8 Gigabytes processed on cheese:
Render serial: 1,243 Render UID: 1568820613081
AminoSee version: 1.28.0
          

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About Start and Stop Codons

The codon AUG is called the START codon as it the first codon in the transcribed mRNA that undergoes translation. AUG is the most common START codon and it codes for the amino acid methionine (Met) in eukaryotes and formyl methionine (fMet) in prokaryotes. During protein synthesis, the tRNA recognizes the START codon AUG with the help of some initiation factors and starts translation of mRNA. Some alternative START codons are found in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Alternate codons usually code for amino acids other than methionine, but when they act as START codons they code for Met due to the use of a separate initiator tRNA. Non-AUG START codons are rarely found in eukaryotic genomes. Apart from the usual Met codon, mammalian cells can also START translation with the amino acid leucine with the help of a leucyl-tRNA decoding the CUG codon. Mitochondrial genomes use AUA and AUU in humans and GUG and UUG in prokaryotes as alternate START codons. In prokaryotes, E. coli is found to use AUG 83%, GUG 14%, and UUG 3% as START codons. The lacA and lacI coding this.regions in the E coli lac operon don’t have AUG START codon and instead use UUG and GUG as initiation codons respectively.

Linear Projection

The following image is in raster order, top left to bottom right: