Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B

AminoSee DNA Render Summary for /home/tom/Sites/AminoSee/dna/Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B.fa Science render mode

M8C9H10.1

Amino Acid Hue° RGB Count Description Hilbert PNG
0. Reference

255,128,128

42,444,516 Composite of all amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B Reference
1. Ochre

255,128,128

945,827 STOP Codon Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B Ochre
2. Glutamic acid

16°

255,162,128

1,534,640 Group III: Acidic amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B Glutamic acid
3. Aspartic acid

31°

255,193,128

961,878 Group III: Acidic amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B Aspartic acid
4. Amber

47°

255,227,128

566,714 STOP Codon Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B Amber
5. Cysteine

63°

249,255,128

1,472,046 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B Cysteine
6. Glycine

78°

217,255,128

2,062,033 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B Glycine
7. Alanine

94°

183,255,128

1,705,001 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B Alanine
8. Methionine

110°

149,255,128

799,426 START Codon Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B Methionine
9. Valine

125°

128,255,138

2,145,680 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B Valine
10. Leucine

141°

128,255,172

4,698,409 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B Leucine
11. Isoleucine

157°

128,255,206

2,629,702 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B Isoleucine
12. Phenylalanine

172°

128,255,238

2,577,749 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B Phenylalanine
13. Tryptophan

188°

128,238,255

748,024 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B Tryptophan
14. Serine

203°

128,206,255

3,761,386 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B Serine
15. Threonine

219°

128,172,255

2,127,206 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B Threonine
16. Opal

240°

128,128,255

840,117 STOP Codon Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B Opal
17. Glutamine

250°

149,128,255

1,634,938 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B Glutamine
18. Asparagine

266°

183,128,255

1,754,494 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B Asparagine
19. Tyrosine

282°

217,128,255

1,431,149 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B Tyrosine
20. Arginine

297°

249,128,255

2,021,789 Group IV: Basic amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B Arginine
21. Lysine

313°

255,128,227

2,562,769 Group IV: Basic amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B Lysine
22. Histidine

329°

255,128,193

1,408,611 Group IV: Basic amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B Histidine
23. Proline

344°

255,128,162

2,054,928 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B Proline
19 Amino Acids, 4 Start/Stop codes, 1 NNN . . . .

1D Linear Map Image

2D Hilbert Map Image

Render Summary

          
Canonical Name: Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B
Canonical PNG: Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B.fa_linear_c9_fix_sci.png
Source: Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B.fa
Full path: /home/tom/Sites/AminoSee/dna/Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2B.fa
Started: 3:15:56 am Finished: 3:36:20 am Used: 19 minutes, 8.769 seconds  
Machine load averages: 8.33 / 9.33 / 9.79
Bandwidth: 113.28KB / sec DNA Filesize: 128.32MB
Image Output bytes: 17.99MB
Pixels (linear): 4,716,057 Image aspect Ratio: fix
Pixels (hilbert): 4,194,304 (auto) Dimension 8 Hilbert curve
Linear to Hilbert reduction: 1.12 Oversampling: 4
Custom flags: --C_autoK------M8 C9-I5000000 "Science mode" render style
Estimated Codons: 44,850,991 (filesize % 3)
Actual Codons matched: 42,444,516  
Estimate accuracy: 106% of actual 
Non-coding characters: 3,522,259
Coding characters: 132,756,992
Codons per pixel: 9 (linear) 10.12 (hilbert projection)
Max pix setting: 5,000,000
Darken Factor 0.25 / Highlight Factor 4 Black Point: 128
287.6 Gigabytes processed on cheese:
Render serial: 1,275 Render UID: 1568819757007
AminoSee version: 1.28.1
          

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Hilbert Projection

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Linear Projection

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About Start and Stop Codons

The codon AUG is called the START codon as it the first codon in the transcribed mRNA that undergoes translation. AUG is the most common START codon and it codes for the amino acid methionine (Met) in eukaryotes and formyl methionine (fMet) in prokaryotes. During protein synthesis, the tRNA recognizes the START codon AUG with the help of some initiation factors and starts translation of mRNA. Some alternative START codons are found in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Alternate codons usually code for amino acids other than methionine, but when they act as START codons they code for Met due to the use of a separate initiator tRNA. Non-AUG START codons are rarely found in eukaryotic genomes. Apart from the usual Met codon, mammalian cells can also START translation with the amino acid leucine with the help of a leucyl-tRNA decoding the CUG codon. Mitochondrial genomes use AUA and AUU in humans and GUG and UUG in prokaryotes as alternate START codons. In prokaryotes, E. coli is found to use AUG 83%, GUG 14%, and UUG 3% as START codons. The lacA and lacI coding this.regions in the E coli lac operon don’t have AUG START codon and instead use UUG and GUG as initiation codons respectively.