Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A

AminoSee DNA Render Summary for /home/tom/Sites/AminoSee/dna/Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A.fa Science render mode

M8C7H8.2

Amino Acid Hue° RGB Count Description Hilbert PNG
0. Reference

255,128,128

34,313,968 Composite of all amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A Reference
1. Ochre

255,128,128

709,183 STOP Codon Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A Ochre
2. Glutamic acid

16°

255,162,128

1,268,506 Group III: Acidic amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A Glutamic acid
3. Aspartic acid

31°

255,193,128

781,982 Group III: Acidic amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A Aspartic acid
4. Amber

47°

255,227,128

442,672 STOP Codon Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A Amber
5. Cysteine

63°

249,255,128

1,194,135 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A Cysteine
6. Glycine

78°

217,255,128

1,779,960 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A Glycine
7. Alanine

94°

183,255,128

1,457,198 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A Alanine
8. Methionine

110°

149,255,128

639,778 START Codon Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A Methionine
9. Valine

125°

128,255,138

1,731,907 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A Valine
10. Leucine

141°

128,255,172

3,765,793 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A Leucine
11. Isoleucine

157°

128,255,206

1,999,041 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A Isoleucine
12. Phenylalanine

172°

128,255,238

1,990,701 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A Phenylalanine
13. Tryptophan

188°

128,238,255

634,648 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A Tryptophan
14. Serine

203°

128,206,255

3,077,813 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A Serine
15. Threonine

219°

128,172,255

1,732,854 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A Threonine
16. Opal

240°

128,128,255

675,415 STOP Codon Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A Opal
17. Glutamine

250°

149,128,255

1,350,696 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A Glutamine
18. Asparagine

266°

183,128,255

1,361,436 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A Asparagine
19. Tyrosine

282°

217,128,255

1,085,469 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A Tyrosine
20. Arginine

297°

249,128,255

1,702,842 Group IV: Basic amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A Arginine
21. Lysine

313°

255,128,227

2,010,980 Group IV: Basic amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A Lysine
22. Histidine

329°

255,128,193

1,147,212 Group IV: Basic amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A Histidine
23. Proline

344°

255,128,162

1,773,747 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A Proline
19 Amino Acids, 4 Start/Stop codes, 1 NNN . . . .

1D Linear Map Image

2D Hilbert Map Image

Render Summary

          
Canonical Name: Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A
Canonical PNG: Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A.fa_linear_c7_fix_sci.png
Source: Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A.fa
Full path: /home/tom/Sites/AminoSee/dna/Gorilla_gorGor4_chr2A.fa
Started: 2:43:12 am Finished: 3:14:45 am Used: 28 minutes, 50.388 seconds  
Machine load averages: 10.34 / 10.18 / 10.19
Bandwidth: 60.55KB / sec DNA Filesize: 104.5MB
Image Output bytes: 18.7MB
Pixels (linear): 4,901,995 Image aspect Ratio: fix
Pixels (hilbert): 4,194,304 (auto) Dimension 8 Hilbert curve
Linear to Hilbert reduction: 1.17 Oversampling: 4
Custom flags: --C_autoK------M8 C7-I5000000 "Science mode" render style
Estimated Codons: 36,524,816 (filesize % 3)
Actual Codons matched: 34,313,968  
Estimate accuracy: 106% of actual 
Non-coding characters: 3,642,024
Coding characters: 108,133,593
Codons per pixel: 7 (linear) 8.18 (hilbert projection)
Max pix setting: 5,000,000
Darken Factor 0.25 / Highlight Factor 4 Black Point: 128
287.5 Gigabytes processed on cheese:
Render serial: 1,274 Render UID: 1568817792162
AminoSee version: 1.28.1
          

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Hilbert Projection

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Linear Projection

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About Start and Stop Codons

The codon AUG is called the START codon as it the first codon in the transcribed mRNA that undergoes translation. AUG is the most common START codon and it codes for the amino acid methionine (Met) in eukaryotes and formyl methionine (fMet) in prokaryotes. During protein synthesis, the tRNA recognizes the START codon AUG with the help of some initiation factors and starts translation of mRNA. Some alternative START codons are found in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Alternate codons usually code for amino acids other than methionine, but when they act as START codons they code for Met due to the use of a separate initiator tRNA. Non-AUG START codons are rarely found in eukaryotic genomes. Apart from the usual Met codon, mammalian cells can also START translation with the amino acid leucine with the help of a leucyl-tRNA decoding the CUG codon. Mitochondrial genomes use AUA and AUU in humans and GUG and UUG in prokaryotes as alternate START codons. In prokaryotes, E. coli is found to use AUG 83%, GUG 14%, and UUG 3% as START codons. The lacA and lacI coding this.regions in the E coli lac operon don’t have AUG START codon and instead use UUG and GUG as initiation codons respectively.