Caenorhabditis_elegans-WBcel235-dna-chromosome-V.fa

AminoSee DNA Render Summary

Hilbert curvers of dimension 5 used, yielding images with ~106.4 codons per pixel including non-coding regions. Linear reference file shows exactly 1 codons per pixel


1D Linear Map Image

2D Hilbert Map Image

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by Tom Atkinson            aminosee.funk.nz
ah-mee no-see       "I See It Now != I AminoSee it!"


Amino Acid Hue° RGB Count Description Hilbert PNG
0. Reference

255,128,128

6,974,726 Composite of all amino acids Caenorhabditiseldna-chromosome-V Reference
1. Histidine

329°

255,128,193

186,335 Group IV: Basic amino acids Caenorhabditiseldna-chromosome-V Histidine
2. Glutamic acid

16°

255,162,128

263,662 Group III: Acidic amino acids Caenorhabditiseldna-chromosome-V Glutamic acid
3. Aspartic acid

31°

255,193,128

168,439 Group III: Acidic amino acids Caenorhabditiseldna-chromosome-V Aspartic acid
4. Lysine

313°

255,128,227

546,187 Group IV: Basic amino acids Caenorhabditiseldna-chromosome-V Lysine
5. Cysteine

63°

249,255,128

200,613 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Caenorhabditiseldna-chromosome-V Cysteine
6. Glycine

78°

217,255,128

229,888 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Caenorhabditiseldna-chromosome-V Glycine
7. Alanine

94°

183,255,128

233,338 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Caenorhabditiseldna-chromosome-V Alanine
8. Valine

125°

128,255,138

340,531 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Caenorhabditiseldna-chromosome-V Valine
9. Leucine

141°

128,255,172

676,723 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Caenorhabditiseldna-chromosome-V Leucine
10. Isoleucine

157°

128,255,206

509,892 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Caenorhabditiseldna-chromosome-V Isoleucine
11. Phenylalanine

172°

128,255,238

612,098 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Caenorhabditiseldna-chromosome-V Phenylalanine
12. Tryptophan

188°

128,238,255

87,331 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Caenorhabditiseldna-chromosome-V Tryptophan
13. Serine

203°

128,206,255

606,032 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Caenorhabditiseldna-chromosome-V Serine
14. Threonine

219°

128,172,255

341,506 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Caenorhabditiseldna-chromosome-V Threonine
15. Glutamine

250°

149,128,255

250,224 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Caenorhabditiseldna-chromosome-V Glutamine
16. Asparagine

266°

183,128,255

387,654 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Caenorhabditiseldna-chromosome-V Asparagine
17. Tyrosine

282°

217,128,255

223,115 Group II: Polar, uncharged amino acids Caenorhabditiseldna-chromosome-V Tyrosine
18. Arginine

297°

249,128,255

393,284 Group IV: Basic amino acids Caenorhabditiseldna-chromosome-V Arginine
19. Proline

344°

255,128,162

231,623 Group I: Nonpolar amino acids Caenorhabditiseldna-chromosome-V Proline
20. Methionine

110°

149,255,128

112,449 START Codon Caenorhabditiseldna-chromosome-V Methionine
21. Ochre

255,128,128

151,217 STOP Codon Caenorhabditiseldna-chromosome-V Ochre
22. Amber

47°

255,227,128

73,354 STOP Codon Caenorhabditiseldna-chromosome-V Amber
23. Opal

240°

128,128,255

149,231 STOP Codon Caenorhabditiseldna-chromosome-V Opal
19 Amino Acids, 4 Start/Stop codes, 1 NNN . . . .

Render Summary

				[object Object]
				

AminoSeeNoEvil

DNA/RNA Chromosome Viewer

A new way to view DNA that attributes a colour hue to each Amino acid codon



Hilbert Projection

This is a curve that touches each pixel exactly once, without crossing over or breaking.

Linear Projection

The following image is in raster order, top left to bottom right:

About Start and Stop Codons

The codon AUG is called the START codon as it the first codon in the transcribed mRNA that undergoes translation. AUG is the most common START codon and it codes for the amino acid methionine (Met) in eukaryotes and formyl methionine (fMet) in prokaryotes. During protein synthesis, the tRNA recognizes the START codon AUG with the help of some initiation factors and starts translation of mRNA. Some alternative START codons are found in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Alternate codons usually code for amino acids other than methionine, but when they act as START codons they code for Met due to the use of a separate initiator tRNA. Non-AUG START codons are rarely found in eukaryotic genomes. Apart from the usual Met codon, mammalian cells can also START translation with the amino acid leucine with the help of a leucyl-tRNA decoding the CUG codon. Mitochondrial genomes use AUA and AUU in humans and GUG and UUG in prokaryotes as alternate START codons. In prokaryotes, E. coli is found to use AUG 83%, GUG 14%, and UUG 3% as START codons. The lacA and lacI coding this.regions in the E coli lac operon don’t have AUG START codon and instead use UUG and GUG as initiation codons respectively.